From myrcene to limonene and pinene, the terpenes found in cannabis are an often looked-over part of the big picture. The load of information that’s been discovered about Cannabis in just over 10 years… insane. Knowledge is an ever-revolving door inside this industry. As a Budtender, it’s crucial for me to take an active role in continuing education.

Once upon a time, I had no clue about these things called Terpenes. Any good Budtender you come across today has a general understanding of Terpenes and the role they play in the overall scope of the cannabis plant.

Terpenes interact with our sense of smell.

Although the human sense of smell is not as strong as our canine counterparts, it still plays an essential role in how our bodies communicate.

We receive memory through our sense of smell. Terpenes play a role in the production of these smells. Any time I smell chlorine, I think of my Nana. Every time I smell amber, I think of my mother. When I smell Aqua Di Gio, my memory moves toward my father. Sweaty workout room, fond and dear memories pop up of my one and only Brother.

Our sniffer can also alert us to danger. Whether a gas leak, rotten food, to a fire somewhere nearby, it’s our noses duty to send messages to our brain for processing. Unpleasant odors literally send pain signals to our thinker to alert of possible danger.

lavender bushel terpenes myrcene limonene pinene

Think of some familiar smells we experience in nature…

I live near the Rocky Mountains, so a very familiar smell here is pine trees. I just visited Arizona, and it was the citrus pickin’ season; Everything smelled like citrus. My good friend just absolutely loves the smell of lavender flowers after they’ve bloomed. My brother once put pepper down my nose, and now I will never forget the smell of pepper. Before cannabis was legal in Colorado, I once tried smoking cloves because I had heard it produced a high too. I will never forget the smell of cloves either. These aromatic properties that come from all things living are called Terpenes. Believe it or not, these little suckers play a much more significant role than just putting off a familiar smell.

trichome art terpenes myrcene limonene pinene

Look at this beautiful, zoomed-in picture of a cannabis flower…

Do you see those little bulbous, hair-like things congregated everywhere? They are called trichomes. Trichomes act like the small storage bins for the oil and terpenes necessary for the plant to thrive and survive. Terpenes allow plants quite decent protection from imminent threats like bacteria, fungus, and insects. For humans, however, we get to enjoy the smell they emanate and receive the therapeutic effects they provide.

terpene botanicals terpenes myrcene limonene pinene

This planet is filled with many different kinds of terpenes and the cannabis plant alone can contain over 150 different ones. Here are the most common terpenes found in cannabis and the therapeutic benefits they carry; Also, the effect they produce when combined with THC and CBD.

Myrcene – Terpene described as Musky and Herbal

Found in mangos and hops, Myrcene is one of the most abundant in the Indica variety of cannabis plant. Myrcene enhances the potency of THC by making it easier for the phytocannabinoid to make its way across the blood-brain barrier. To experience this first hand, eat a mango 10 to 15 minutes before you consume cannabis and enjoy the flow. This is because Mangos, especially Asian ones, have a generally high content of Myrcene. When Myrcene combines with THC, it has been given the coined effect of ‘couch-lock’ on the consumer. Myrcene has been shown to help those with sleep issues as well as pain and for muscle relaxation. A strain with high levels of myrcene would be great for post workout when your muscles are most affected.

Caryophyllene – Terpene described as Spicy, Woody and Peppery

Found in black pepper, cloves, and cinnamon leaves, this mighty terp doesn’t hold a bias to indica or sativa strains. Caryophyllene’s claim to fame is it’s been shown to bind to the CB2 receptors in our bodies. This is said to help regulate pain, inflammation, stress, anxiety, and brain aging. Caryophyllene enhances the strength of low-dose morphine, showing promising results in getting people to lower their dose of opiates safely. If you’re ever too high and starting to panic a bit, chew on some peppercorns and you will be right as rain.

Pinene – Terpene described as Piney, Woody or Fresh

Found in parsley, dill, basil and most in pine needles, this crisp little terpene is a mighty one. It will mix with the THC just perfectly enough to keep you buzzing and focused on the tasks at hand. Creativity and improved short-term memory are some other benefits you risk to gain in the transaction. Pinene helps with memory because of its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and alter neurotransmitters, allowing for improved memory. Pinene has also shown significant progress as a bronchodilator, further aiding those who suffer from asthma.

Linalool – Terpene described as Floral and Sweet

Found in mint, rosewood, birch, laurels, and lavender, Linalool is a great stress reliever. Take it from your girl … Absolutely stellar! Linalool is often used in products like mosquito and flea repellant and aromatic candles as well. Linalool has also been shown to have a pronounced effect on the sedation of the Central Nervous System. This could prove useful for people with convulsive issues.

Limonene – Terpene described as Citrusy

Limonene can be found in various other plants like rosemary, peppermint, juniper and most abundantly in citrus fruit rinds. Because of it’s anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, Limonene can be found in a wide array of cleaning products and medicines. Because of its fresh scent, it is also used in many perfume formulations. This mighty terpene has also been used in clinical settings to dissolve gallstones and improve heartburn. Limonene provides for a great stress reliever when combined with THC. It’s not rare to be in a lifted mood after enjoying a high-limonene strain.

terpene botanicals terpenes myrcene limonene pinene

Now that you’ve taken in all this amazing information …

… you know why your favorite Budtender is shoving a jar or bag of weed in your face to smell. If your nose sends a not-so-favorable signal to your brain about a strain, then you might want to overlook it for a more desirable aroma. I always say, if we don’t enjoy the way a certain food smells, we are likely to not eat it. If you don’t like the smell of a particular strain, you might enjoy one with a more pleasant aroma instead. Our brain is continually giving us messages about the world through our senses. Make sure to pay attention the next time you go shopping for your indulgence.

If you’re curious to where you can get a hold of nothing but pure terpenes like the ones mentioned above, please visit my trusted friends over at Terpene Botanicals for all of your smell-good and tasty needs.



The real-deal scoop on the many not-so-negative, not-so-scare-tactic ways that CBD effects us.

Since you searched for it, you may be wondering what is CBD, what are effects of CBD, and what the heck is this thing called the Endocannabinoid System. Follow me while I discuss these favorite topics…

First, the legal weirdo-ness that I face from the FDA makes me have to hit you with a disclaimer, so I don’t get in trouble.

For this, I must say that the Food and Drug Administration has not evaluated these claims. These statements and recommendations are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Now, let us talk about this mighty little molecule, shall we? …
what is cbd, effects of cbf, endocannabinoid system

What is CBD, you ask? Firstly, CBD stands for Cannabidiol (canna-bi-die-all). It is another compound/ phytocannabinoid found in cannabis plants, like THC but also NOT like THC at all. CBD doesn’t have any psychedelic effects like THC, so it will not get you high. If you were to smoke a CBD-dominant strain, the most you’ll feel is a heaviness or a relaxation.


CBD, along with its other phytocannabinoid counterparts like THC, CBG, and CBC, acts as a great promoter of homeostasis; defined as an equilibrium or balance within a living ecosystem or environment. The human body needs to maintain a balance when functioning from day to day. So, when CBD enters the body and our Endocannabinoid System, (see my dictionary description here) it corrects an otherwise missing or overactive link inside our bodies own environment, further providing a balance (or state of homeostasis.) When you crush your finger in a door or stub your toe, receptors get triggered, and the Endocannabinoid System goes into overdrive to regulate the pain and amount of inflammation that follows. To know more about the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), read this fabulous article professionally composed by Colorado’s own Foria Wellness.

Bioremediesmd.com calls our Endocannabinoid System “quite literally the bridge between our body and our mind.” If the ECS becomes weakened, for whatever reason, then phytocannabinoids like CBD can be introduced to facilitate the healing process further… aka homeostasis. 

Thoughtcloud CBD


Do you have issues with inflammation, get achy, or even worse? Are you an athlete? Are your joints and muscles damaged or overworked? Do you get overly sad and stressed? Have you experienced trouble remembering things? Do you have any ailments that originate with the nervous system? Have you been through mental trauma or physically injured your spine or head? Do you struggle with impulse control? …

If you answered yes to any of these, there is a familiar chance that CBD could help you reduce the discomfort. This is because CBD activates and antagonizes two different receptors named GPR55 and 5-HT1A. Through activation or deactivation of these receptors, results have shown relief for pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, and as a neuroprotectant.   

Be sure to visit my pals at ThoughtCloud for all of your CBD necessities. This company is hand-picked by me because of the quality and integrity they own with the products they deliver.

what is CBD, effects of CBD, endocannabinoid system



“CBD makes me sick.” A customer matter-of-factly said to me about a month ago at work.

      I have heard about THC causing people to get sick. I have not, however, heard of anything similar to that about CBD, until that day. It struck me as odd, so I decided to dig deeper and get our dialogue moving toward more pointed questions.

      I asked her what happened when she got sick, what kind of product, and how she consumed that product. There are many different ways to consume CBD. So, it’s essential to look at every part of the equation that could have made her sick. For instance, some people are allergic to certain carrier oils used in specific brand formulations, like coconut oil. Once she gave me the name of the brand, it was an obvious game-over. It was a brand that’s come to my attention many times over the years and not in the best lighting.

      I asked her if she had eaten any edibles with CBD in them and said she had. After asking, I found out that the edibles with the same CBD molecules did not make her sick. In any form of consumption, CBD gets delivered to our bodies. I had to tell her right then that it was the overall lack-of-quality product she had been consuming.

The FDA doesn’t
regulate CBD …
beware of what
CBD products
you are buying.

      The FDA doesn’t regulate CBD. This allows a lot of scam and gimmick products to come to shelves that contain no CBD at all. Yet, they still get pushed as the ‘best product’ to hit the shelves. Some ‘brands’ even go as far as posting fake laboratory tests to attempt to convince consumers of quality. So, beware of what CBD products you are buying.

      To help you with your decision, I’ve put together a list of 9 things to know before you buy CBD oil or any other CBD products. I want to make sure you have the best experience possible. That starts with making sure you find the best CBD products possible.

***Make sure to share any interesting tidbits you read with your friends ***


      Often, we buy products that originate from China or other parts of Europe. This is NOT what you want to look for in terms of a quality CBD product. There is an increased risk of getting an inferior quality product from overseas that might leave you scammed and underwhelmed of the effectiveness. I recommend making sure that the hemp is sourced and processed in the US or Canada. I am a Colorado native to my root, so I enjoy sticking with products made here in good ol’ Colorado. To be quite frank, some of the best products I’ve seen, come from Colorado or Kentucky.


      Labels and certifications can say a lot about a company, and the diligence they have in assuring their customers of the safety and integrity of their products.

Some of the labels that I am keen to look for are:

GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices), which is a third party certification that ensures the integrity of proper manufacturing and proper labeling of said contents.

Cruelty-Free (CCF, Leaping Bunny, or PETA) because I care about other living animals and I want to put my money where my mouth is.

GMO-Free and Organic labels because what I put into my body matters to me.


      All too often these days, are we inundated with a wide array of products with an insanely amount of ingredients on their list … and all too many of those ingredients are bad for us and even promote diseases like cancer and inflammation. Are the ingredients listed anywhere on their website or the product? They should be — the fewer ingredients, the better, especially when speaking of an oral tincture. If you’re considering a lotion, soap, bath bombs, or any other item, research the unfamiliar names to be assured of their safety. No matter what, refrain from purchasing any product online that does not have the ingredients readily available for you to read through.


      Does the website have test results readily available or do they offer an email address to receive the test results upon request? This can be an important one as it offers up transparency with the company and further builds the trust of their customer base. Be careful of how much of that information is offered, an overabundance of ‘proof’ on a site can also view as scammy as some companies have been busted for forged results. The type of results you might want to look for would be potency testing of all existing cannabinoids inside each product or dose. You would also want to look for tests of heavy metals and residuals that may come from the extraction of the oil from the plant.


      The standard dose for a tincture is around 10 to 25mg of CBD. I have a bottle here in my room that has 300mg listed on the bottle. It’s a 30ml bottle, so the math comes to 10mg per ML. This math should be placed somewhere very easy to read on the label, usually near the supplement facts and ingredients list. Depending on the severity of the issue you’re treating, your calculation of the appropriate dose will be different than others who use the same product. Make sure to track your progress and figure out what amount helps you the most. On one occasion I witnessed a person who required hundreds of milligrams per day. Sometimes very high amounts of CBD are needed to battle the intensity of the ailment being treated.


      Products today are advertised with three different types of descriptors: Isolate, Full Spectrum, and Broad Spectrum.

      Take a look through each tab for more information on each …


Just like it sounds, the CBD is completely isolated from the rest of the plant when extracted. This option can be a decent option for those who are afraid of coming up hot for THC because of employment or legal matters. Isolate is not, however, the best option when it comes to the most well-rounded therapy. In the industry, we tend to explain this theory as The Entourage Effect, when the sum of all parts is better than the singular. In the dispensary, I playfully relate it to my guests with similar sayings like: “It takes a village…” or “It takes two to tango.”

Full Spectrum

This term is frequently misused. Full Spectrum describes a Whole Plant perspective, including all of the other phytocannabinoids like THC, CBG, CBC, THC-V, CBN, etc. It also refers to the inclusion of terpenes, waxes, lipids, fats … AND … the amino acids, omegas, and proteins that come from the cold-pressed hemp seed oil that is infused into it as well. From one end to the other, the full plant is used. You probably won’t see anything come to market with cold-pressed hemp seed oil because it requires refrigeration for it not to spoil or become carcinogenic. Any heat applied to the cold-pressed oil can cause it to become a carcinogen to our bodies. Other oils that are more commonly used are grapeseed, olive, and coconut which are also fat based oils. While they have a good ratio of omegas and amino acids, they would prevent a tincture from being truly Full Spectrum.

Broad Spectrum

This is the most common type of product found on shelves next to the Isolate variety. Although some companies are labeling it as Full Spectrum, the reality remains that it is only a Broad Spectrum, because of the reasons listed above. If the product you’re looking for is a vape pen, a broad spectrum product would be the only option against an isolate, because the waxes, fats, and lipids should be removed before smoking; Thus only leaving the terpenes and phytocannabinoids. Aside from Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum would be my choice for purchase because of the entourage effect stated earlier.


The method of extraction can be an essential factor to look for. The different modes can range between the use of solvents such as carbon dioxide (CO2,) butane, propane, pure grain alcohol like Everclear, and even naphtha. Some of these methods are certainly not best for oral consumption and, if extracted improperly, can be detrimental to our lungs when smoked. CO2, however, is becoming the more widely accepted means of oil production because of it’s the clean end product. The Colorado cannabis industry is lucky enough to have regulations in place that test for the parts per million (ppm) of each product before it goes to sale, but, the extra work it may require to filter a product coming from anything else other than CO2, might be more of an additional business expense than is necessary. None-the-less, nothing is without its an occasional hiccup, and there have been product recalls made inside the Colorado market about the PPM topic. The best way to be assured that your product is the cleanest is to choose CO2.


What are your peers saying? The internet has fast become a place where everyone talks indirectly to each other about all sorts of topics. Reviews are no stranger to the net, and you can always seem to spot the ones that are genuine and thoughtful. Seek out the longer reviews that have more emotion and detail to them. Robot-generated opinions can often be too short and without any general direction. You want to hear from people, in detailed terms, why they felt the product was either good or bad. Social proof can be a significant factor in the purchase you decide to make.


This is a topic that gets brought to me all the time and was presented to me again by my mother yesterday about the conversation she had with some friends.

I need first to make this statement very clear; THC is not harmful. It has all the ability to help heal your body just like CBD. In some parts of the world, THC is still very illegal and can possess strict penalties for the handling and consumption of it. You need always to be well informed of the laws in your area so you can be as safe as possible. For example, the US recognizes that CBD products can test at levels of no more than 0.3% THC. Each State can allow or disallow that same stance. Currently, as I know it, all States are on board with that regulation. Still, do the research for the place you live.

If you live in a state that only allows CBD products, you still might have to worry about probation or an occupation. These two topics tend to require drug tests, and I can not promise, with a 0.3% tolerance of THC, that you would be safe from a positive test result. Again, be aware of the laws and your governing entities’ (employer or parole office) stance on the matter. If this is your case, seek out Isolate products, but only until your circumstance changes. Broad or full spectrum is always best, but I understand your plight.

Now, let me get real serious here; If you live in a legal state and have the legal ability to consume as much THC as you please, do not be afraid that it has THC in it. THC … the tiny molecule it is … isn’t bad. The personal experience you get from TOO MUCH of it, is the shadow; is the real bad guy. Too much of anything can always become a bad thing. Now …

[i]Inside our bodies, we have two ‘communication’ receptors called CB1 and CB2. CB1 mostly lives inside our brain and spinal cord, while CB2 lives mainly inside the body and limbs. The ‘high’ you experience comes from the CB1 receptors in our brain and spine. We don’t feel the ‘high’ when THC interacts with CB2. This is the reason certain products like Foria come into the picture; In Colorado, our Foria products contain a healthy amount of THC and CBD, but none of them get you high, because they are interacting more with our CB2 receptors. If you would still like to see what products you can have sent to your home elsewhere, I’ve got your back with a link to their site.

In conclusion and part, you have the ultimate ability to decide for yourself how much THC you want inside your product. I have a whole grand list of reasons why there should be no fear of tiny little THC. If you would benefit from that list, let me know, and I will oblige.

I hope this was able to clear up any questions you may have had about the various CBD products on the market. I know the task of searching through the many options can be a daunting one, so I have personally selected one company that has met all of my criteria for quality and that I stand by 420% that I would highly recommend you take a look at for your daily CBD intake. Enjoy!

[i] Derived from: https://www.foriawellness.com/blogs/learn/your-endocannabinoid-system-cbd

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